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Glossary

Quick links:

A, C, D, E, G, I, P, R, S, T, U

A

Altruistic surrogacy

Refers to cases of surrogacy in which the gestational carrier is not compensated for her pregnancy. This is most commonly seen when the gestational carrier is a close friend or relative of the intended parents.

 

Category: Legal

Source of definition: Surrogate.com

Assisted Reproductive Technology

American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) defines assisted reproduction as all treatments that involve handling egg and sperm and/or embryos outside the body.

Category: Medical

Source of definition: https://adoptionart.org/assisted-reproduction/common-terms-definitions/

C

Commercial surrogacy

Refers to cases of surrogacy in which the gestational carrier is compensated beyond medical expenses during her pregnancy and postpartum recovery. Commercial surrogacy is not allowed in all states.

Category: Legal

Source of definition: Surrogate.com

Cryobank

The medical facility where frozen donor eggs or sperm are kept. Intended parents can work with cryobanks and their reproductive endocrinologists to select donor gametes in cases where their own are not viable.

Category: Medical

Source of definition: N/A

D

Donor

Gamete (egg or sperm) or embryo donors that provide the genetic material for a child. Donors waive their rights to claim parentage during the donation process. Gamete or embryo donors may be located through egg or sperm banks; fertility clinics; or independently. Depending on the circumstances surrounding donation, donors should be independently represented by attorneys, with a negotiated, written agreement that memorializes the intentions of the parties and the donor’s informed and voluntary waivers.

Category: Medical, Legal

Source of definition: Surrogate.com

E

Egg retrieval

The medical process of retrieving ova from either the intended mother or a donor. Following retrieval, the ova are fertilized with sperm from the intended father or sperm donor and cultured for three to five days prior to transfer.

Category: Medical

Source of definition: https://adoptionart.org/assisted-reproduction/common-terms-definitions/

Embryo

Unborn offspring in the process of development during the period from approximately the second to the eighth week after fertilization (after which it is usually termed a fetus).

Category: Medical

G

Gamete

Genetic material of the ovum and sperm that are combined to form an embryo during the IUI or IVF process.

Category: Medical

Gestational surrogacy

Gestational surrogacy refers to cases of surrogacy in which the carrier is not genetically related to the child. Gestational surrogacy is the most common form of surrogacy practiced today.

Variations or Acronyms: Full surrogacy, GS

Category: Medical, legal

Source of definition:  Surrogate.com

I

Permission granted in the knowledge of the possible consequences, typically that which is given by a patient to a doctor for treatment with full knowledge of the possible risks and benefits.

 

Category: Medical, legal

Intended Parents

The person or persons who will be the legal parent(s) of any child born from the assisted reproductive technology arrangement. Composition of intended parents may include Mother-Father, Father-Father, Mother-Mother, or single parents. Intended parents may or may not have a genetic connection to the child.

 

Variations or Acronyms: IP, IF, IM

Category: Medical

Source of definition: Surrogate.com

IVF

In surrogacy, a fertility specialist will collect eggs and sperm from the intended parents (or from a donor), fertilize the egg in a test tube or culture dish and then implant this embryo into the surrogate’s uterus.

 

Category: Medical

Source of definition: Surrogate.com

P

Parentage order

A court order that transfers parentage from the birth parent/s to the intended parent/s—as part of the surrogacy arrangement.

 

Category:  Legal

Postbirth order

A court issued order that is acquired after the birth of the child. With postbirth orders, the surrogate’s name will be replaced on the birth certificate by that of the intended parents. Some states only allow postbirth orders.

 

Category:  Legal

Source of definition: https://www.circlesurrogacy.com/blog/circle-surrogacy/surrogacy-terms-decoded-17-definitions-know/

Prebirth order

A court issued order that is acquired before the birth of the child. Typically, it will place the names of intended parents on the birth certificate and allow them access to the child while he/she is in the hospital

Category:  Legal

Source of definition: https://www.circlesurrogacy.com/blog/circle-surrogacy/surrogacy-terms-decoded-17-definitions-know/

R

RE (Reproductive Endocrinologist)

Reproductive endocrinologists provide medical treatment for couples experiencing infertility. In cases of surrogacy, REs work with the intended parents, gestational carriers, and any donors or donor banks for IUI or IVF treatment.

 

Variations or Acronyms: Fertility doctor, infertility doctor

Category:  Medical

Reciprocal IVF

In reciprocal IVF, one partner provides the eggs to be used for the procedure while the other partner is the gestational carrier of the pregnancy. Sperm is provided by a donor. This practice is most common for lesbian couples.

 

Category:  Medical

Source of definition: Surrogate.com

S

Surrogacy contract

A legal contract between the surrogate and intended parents. The terms of the contract are negotiated by the parties through their legal representation. Once the contract is signed, the terms of the contract govern the parties’ interactions. It is very important for both the intended parents and the surrogate to read the contract carefully so that all conditions are understood.

 

Variations or Acronyms: Carrier agreement

Category:  Legal

Source of definition: https://www.circlesurrogacy.com/blog/circle-surrogacy/surrogacy-terms-decoded-17-definitions-know/

Surrogate

Refers to the woman agreeing to become pregnant and carry a child as part of a surrogacy contract. Preferred term is “gestational carrier.”

Variations or Acronyms: Surrogate mother, gestational mother, gestational carrier, birth mother

Category: Medical, legal

Source of definition: Surrogate.com

T

Traditional surrogacy

Traditional surrogacy refers to an agreement between a carrier and intended parents to carry a pregancy utilizing her eggs and either the intended father’s sperm or donated sperm. This child will be placed with the intended parents after delivery. Because a traditional surrogate is the genetic mother, some states require her to terminate legal rights after birth.

Variations or Acronyms: Partial surrogacy, TS

Category:  Medical, Legal

Source of definition: https://www.circlesurrogacy.com/blog/circle-surrogacy/surrogacy-terms-decoded-17-definitions-know/

U

Uniform Parentage Act

The Uniform Parentage Act presumes that a woman who gives birth to a child is the genetic mother of that child; if she is married, her husband is presumed to be the father of the child. The child’s birth record will identify the woman and her husband as the parents of the child. Because of the Parentage Act, additional legal steps are required to provide proof of parentage in a surrogacy arrangement. When intended parents follow these procedures to establish parentage, they can ensure that they are listed on their child’s original birth certificate and that they have all legal rights and responsibilities for their child.

Variations or Acronyms: UPA

Category:  Legal

Source of definition: https://parkerherringlawgroup.com/surrogacy-lawyer-attorney-raleigh-nc/establishing-parentage-pre-birth-order/

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