Compensated gestational surrogacy is governed in Nebraska by R.R.S. Neb.25-21, 200 (2007). Although this statute doesn’t prohibit surrogacy, it explicitly states that all surrogacy contracts, whether traditional or gestational, are void and unenforceable. Violation of this statute carries criminal penalties.
However, some support for surrogacy can be found in this same statute, which also states that the biological father of such a contract “shall have all the rights and obligations imposed by law with respect to such child.”
Can a parentage order be obtained for the following?
Commercial surrogacy is strictly prohibited by R.R.S. Neb.25-21, 200 (2007), which defines surrogacy as “a surrogate parenthood contract shall mean a contract by which a woman is to be compensated for bearing a child of a man who is not her husband.”
Although traditional surrogacy isn’t prohibited in Nebraska, many attorneys and agencies advise against it due to the increased legal risks involved because a surrogate legally can’t be forced to give up her parental rights.
Who can be declared as the parent(s) of a child from a surrogate via a court parentage order?
– Both Intended Parent(s) can be named on the parentage order
– Only a genetic Intended Parent can be named on the parentage order. A non-genetic Intended Parent will need to establish parentage via a second or stepparent adoption following birth.
Intended Parent(s) must have a genetic connection to the child in order to obtain a parentage order. Non-genetic Intended Parent(s) can only establish parentage via a post-birth adoption.
Second parent and stepparent adoptions in Nebraska are restricted to married couples. If an Intended Parent is not genetically related to the child, a second parent adoption will be necessary to establish parental rights for them.
Intended Parent(s) may be listed as Father-Mother
The gestational carrier is initially listed on the birth certificate, but an amended copy referencing just the Intended Parent(s) is the only copy released.
There are no statutes or case law in Nebraska that address the rights of an egg, sperm, or embryo donor over the donated gametes or a resulting child.
Legal and medical steps involved in the surrogacy process may differ from case to case. Please speak with your agency and attorneys about how the process might look for you.
Commercial surrogacy contracts aren’t recognized and enforced in Nebraska. Because all contracts are unenforceable, all surrogacy agreements must be written as a “memoranda of understanding” rather than a “contract.” However, uncompensated (also referred to as altruistic) surrogacy contracts may be enforceable.
Independent counsel is strongly recommended, but not required, for all parties involved in a surrogacy agreement.
Post-birth orders are solely available to Intended Fathers with a biological connection to the child. Intended Mothers must establish legal parentage via a post-birth adoption.
Although it’s at the discretion of the judge, hearings are likely. Whether the parties must attend will depend on the judge.
International Intended Parent(s) will have additional legal steps to complete before their return home regarding their country’s immigration and citizen laws that impact the child. It’s imperative the international Intended Parent(s) speak with an experienced attorney in their home country about their situation. The law of more than one country will need to be considered if the Intended Parent(s) are citizens or residents of more than one country.
Passports are regulated at the federal level in the United States. To learn more about the process of receiving a US passport, visit Travel.State.gov.
The content contained in this website is provided for informational purposes only. Content contained herein may or may not reflect the most current legal information on the subject; accordingly, this website is not promised to be correct or complete at any given time. Outcomes referenced should not be interpreted as an indication of future outcomes. Love & Kindness Surrogacy explicitly disclaims all liability for actions taken or not taken based on the contents of this website.
This website does not constitute a replacement for legal advice or counsel. Always consult an attorney before beginning the surrogacy process.
Last updated October 2019