Gestational surrogacy is permitted and protected by the Vermont Parentage Act of 2018, which legalizes gestational surrogacy, sets up a framework for pre-birth orders, and provides contractual protection for both Intended Parent(s) and Gestational Carriers. Prior to 2018, gestational surrogacy was practiced in Vermont, but there were greater legal risks involved, as legal contracts relied on the discretion of judges to grant birth certificate amendments post-birth.
The Vermont Parentage Act does not permit traditional surrogacy, but neither does it prohibit it; similarly, neither does any other statutes or case law.
Can a parentage order be obtained for the following?
Traditional surrogacy is not prohibited in Vermont, but parentage must be established through adoption proceedings rather than a court parentage order. This limits compensation and requires the surrogate to follow the adoption regulations regarding terminating her parental rights after birth. Many attorneys and agencies advise against it due to the increased legal risks involved because a surrogate legally can’t be forced to give up her parental rights.
Who can be declared as the parent(s) of a child from a surrogate via a court parentage order?
– Both Intended Parent(s) can be named on the parentage order.
– Only a genetic Intended Parent can be named on the parentage order. A non-genetic Intended Parent will need to establish parentage via a second or stepparent adoption following birth.
Intended Parent(s) may be listed as Father-Mother, Parent-Parent, or Father or Mother.
According to 15C V.S.A. § 702, donors of sperm or egg for assisted reproduction procedures by someone other than their spouse have no parental rights over the donated gametes or a resulting child.
Legal and medical steps involved in the surrogacy process may differ from case to case. Please speak with your agency and attorneys about how the process might look for you.
Gestational surrogacy contracts in Vermont are recognized and enforced by the state as long as the statutory requirements are met.
Independent counsel is required for all parties involved in a surrogacy agreement.
Vermont has no legal restrictions on international Intended Parent(s) pursuing surrogacy in the state. Because of the 2018 Vermont Parentage Act, the process has been streamlined and it is easy for Intended Parent(s) from all over to receive a parentage order as long as the child is born in Vermont. However, international Intended Parent(s) will have additional legal steps to complete before their return home regarding their country’s immigration and citizen laws that impact the child. It’s imperative the international Intended Parent(s) speak with an experienced attorney in their home country about their situation. The law of more than one country will need to be considered if the Intended Parent(s) are citizens or residents of more than one country.
Passports are regulated at the federal level in the United States. To learn more about the process of receiving a US passport, visit Travel.State.gov.
The content contained in this website is provided for informational purposes only. Content contained herein may or may not reflect the most current legal information on the subject; accordingly, this website is not promised to be correct or complete at any given time. Outcomes referenced should not be interpreted as an indication of future outcomes. Love & Kindness Surrogacy explicitly disclaims all liability for actions taken or not taken based on the contents of this website.
This website does not constitute a replacement for legal advice or counsel. Always consult an attorney before beginning the surrogacy process.
Last updated October 2023